There are these following aspects of the story that a child needs to understand:
1. The characters
2. The vocabulary
3. The sequence
4. The emotions
Kids have to visualize the story as they tell it, otherwise they might get lost while reciting even though they understand the story. There are few techniques described below. The basic idea behind most of the below described techniques is to teach using visuals. There are many ways the story can be brought live visually. By the following techniques the child gets a definitive sense of characters, sequence and emotions. The vocabulary of the story can be taught well ahead of learning the story, so they might feel confident with the familiarity of the words during story narration.
- Dramatizing the story: There are two ways to dramatize a story.
a) Everyone in the home or among the friends can assume a character of the story and start enacting their part. This way the child gets an idea of the time at which, each of the scenes gets enacted and understands the emotions behind the story very well.
b) Create a story scene using card board that goes as the background for enacting the characters and make sure the characters are made movable so that the verbs in the story can be acted out. The child will have great fun in enacting the story this way and may try out twists and turns in the story line.
- Colouring Pages: Create a pencil sketching of the story line in a drawing book and go through the story over and over again showing the pages. Ask the child to colour the page and recite that part of the story. This technique helps them to register the image quiet well and will remember the sequence of the story much better than we do while teaching them.
- Story board: As they grow up, the story gets bigger and definitely need a better tool that could be used to visualize them. The story board technique is, in which you can write the whole story in a big paper. It is important to draw and colour all the picture words and try minimizing the words on the paper this way the child gets the sense of the characters time of entry in each scene. The verbal accompaniment of the story board, suggests the child about the length of the dialogue.
- Talk Stories: Another efficient tool that can be simply used is to talk stories like:
a) I happened to see that, first it was…. then … and finally what happened was.
b) Did he do that… how did he react … Did he run …
Allow the child to visualize the scene and understand the sequence by hinting or clueing as required at each part of the story.
- Television: Another excellent way to teach a story is to view a favourite show with your child and narrate the story for them, to emphasize on the new words used and to show them the descriptive style of the same story that was played with dialogue conversations.
- New Story: Creating a new story is a very efficient and a great way to teach words of a particular context. Invest in a good picture dictionary book and teach kids the words used commonly in a park or a restaurant and the like and create a fun story that happened in a park using all the words they learnt. This will help them remember the newly learnt words very well and also will help them to think creatively.
- Picture books: Buy picture words books and picture story books that are great introductions for story learning and telling.
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